Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2011, 76, 859-917
Published online 2011-06-29 13:25:52

Photoredox catalysis by [Ru(bpy)3]2+ to trigger transformations of organic molecules. Organic synthesis using visible-light photocatalysis and its 20th century roots

Filip Teplý

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Flemingovo nám. 2, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic


Reactions triggered by light constitute a treasure trove of unique synthetic methods that are available to chemists. Photoinduced redox processes using visible light in conjunction with sensitizing dyes offer a great variety of catalytic transformations useful in the realm of organic synthesis. The recent literature amply shows that this preparative toolbox is expanding substantially. This review discusses historical and contemporary work in the area of photoredox catalysis with [Ru(bpy)3]2+. Elegant examples from the most recent literature document the importance of this fast developing area of research. The photoredox chemistry has also emerged as a promising bond-making and bond-breaking tool for chemical biology and materials chemistry. A review with 96 references.

Keywords: Ruthenium complexes; Catalysis with dyes; Photocatalysis; Photoredox catalysis; [Ru(bpy)3]2+; Visible light; Organic synthesis; Chemical biology; Materials chemistry; Synthetic methods.

References: 151 live references.