Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2011, 76, 13-25
Published online 2010-12-01 10:47:58

Electrochemical study of glimepiride and its complexation with β-cyclodextrin

Abd-Elgawad M. Radi* and Shimaa H. Eissa

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science (Dumyat), Mansoura University, 34517 Dumyat, Egypt


The electrochemical behavior of a hypoglycemic drug, glimepiride (GM), was studied at glassy carbon (GCE) and carbon paste (CPE) electrodes in phosphate buffer over the pH range of 2.7–11.7 using cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry. Oxidation of the drug was shown to be an irreversible and diffusion-controlled process. Using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), the drug yielded a well-defined voltammetric peak in phosphate buffer pH 6.4 at +1.16 V and pH 7.0 at +1.07 V (vs Ag|AgCl) on glassy carbon and carbon paste electrodes, respectively. This process could be used to determine glimepiride concentrations in the range from 1.0 × 10–5 to 3.2 × 10–5 mol l–1 with a detection limit of 2.0 × 10–6 mol l–1 in case of the glassy carbon electrode and in the range of 2.0 × 10–6 to 1.5 × 10–5 mol l–1 with a detection limit of 7.5 × 10–7 mol l–1 in case of the carbon paste electrode. The method was successfully applied to the determination of the drug in a tablet dosage form. Next, the formation of an inclusion complex of glimepiride with β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) in phosphate buffer (pH 7.0):methanol (90:10 (v/v)) has been investigated by differential pulse voltammetry as well as UV spectrophotometry and its stability constant was determined by both methods to be 202.0 and 197.9 l mol–1, respectively.

Keywords: Voltammetry; Cyclodextrins; Absorption spectroscopy; Supramolecular chemistry.

References: 28 live references.