Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2006, 71, 1393-1406

Adsorption of Cytosine on a Mercury Electrode

Dorota Sieńko, Jolanta Nieszporek, Krzysztof Nieszporek, Dorota Gugała and Jadwiga Saba*

Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, 20-031 Lublin, Poland


The electrosorption behavior of cytosine at the mercury electrode/acetic buffer of pH 4 and 5 interfaces was determined from the double-layer differential capacity measurements extrapolated to zero frequency. Solutions of cytosine were prepared to cover the range from 1 × 10-4 to 6 × 10-3 mol dm-3. Adsorption of cytosine was described by the adsorption isotherms constants derived from the surface pressure data as a function of electrode charge density and bulk concentration. The obtained values of the relative surface excesses Γ′ were higher in the acetic buffer of pH 4 than of pH 5. Maximum of cytosine adsorption in the mentioned buffers was at -581 and -551 mV, respectively. The values of the standard Gibbs energy ∆G° obtained from the Frumkin isotherm were higher in the buffer of pH 4 than of pH 5. The values of the interaction parameter A indicated weaker repulsive interaction between adsorbed molecules of cytosine in the former buffer. The adsorption parameters obtained from the virial isotherm confirmed corresponding parameters obtained from the Frumkin isotherm. The dependences of ΦM-2 on the relative surface excess at a constant charge density were analyzed in order to calculate the electrostatic parameters of the inner layer.

Keywords: Cytosine; Mercury; Differential capacity; Adsorption isotherms; Electrostatic parameters; Electrochemistry.

References: 47 live references.