Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2003, 68, 2093-2104

Effects of Chloride and Bromide Ions on Sequential Oscillations in the Uncatalyzed Bromate Oscillator

Zuzana Farbulová, Peter Ševčík and Ľubica Adamčíková*

Department of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Comenius University, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava, Slovak Republic


The uncatalyzed system BrO3--phenol-H2SO4 exhibits an astonishing variety of dynamic behaviour, including sequential oscillations in a closed, stirred batch reactor. The effect of initial addition of chloride and bromide ions on a sequential oscillating system has been studied. Various results were obtained, depending on the initial chloride and bromide concentrations. Increasing the concentration of chloride ions (from 5 × 10-5 to 6 × 10-4 mol dm-3), the parameters of sequential oscillations changed. The number of first oscillations increased from 4 to 21 and their amplitude decreased. The duration of the non-oscillatory period and the number of second oscillations decreased from 96 to 26 min and from 8 to 1, respectively. In the concentration range 3.5 mmol dm-3 < [Br-]o < 8.0 mmol dm-3, the system displays a dual-frequency, dual-amplitude and aperiodic oscillations with a transition period between high- and low-frequency oscillations. The induced oscillations were also observed when the system was perturbed by chloride or bromide ions. The oxidation of pyrocatechol with bromate is an autocatalytic reaction; the rate constants corresponding to the uncatalyzed and catalyzed reactions were evaluated and used in numerical simulations.

Keywords: Uncatalyzed bromate oscillator; Sequential oscillations; Phenol; Pyrocatechol; Autocatalysis.

References: 32 live references.