Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2001, 66, 1208-1218

Tuning of Electronic Properties in Conducting Polymers

Guofeng Li, Mira Josowicz and Jiří Janata*

School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0400, U.S.A.


Structural and electronic transitions in poly(thiophenyleneiminophenylene), usually referred to as poly(phenylenesulfidephenyleneamine) (PPSA) upon electrochemical doping with LiClO4 have been investigated. The unusual electrochemical behavior of PPSA indicates that the dopant anions are bound in two energetically different sites. In the so-called "binding site", the ClO4- anion is Coulombically attracted to the positively charged S or N sites on one chain and simultaneously hydrogen-bonded with the N-H group on a neighboring polymer chain. This strong interaction causes a re-organization of the polymer chains, resulting in the formation of a networked structure linked together by these ClO4- Coulombic/hydrogen bonding "bridges". However, in the "non-binding site", the ClO4- anion is very weakly bound, involves only the electrostatic interaction and can be reversibly exchanged when the doped polymer is reduced. In the repeated cycling, the continuous and alternating influx and expulsion of ClO4- ions serves as a self-organizing process for such networked structures, giving rise to a diminishing number of available "non-binding" sites. The occurrence of these ordered structures has a major impact on the electrochemical activity and the morphology of the doped polymer. Also due to stabilization of the dopant ions, the doped polymer can be kept in a stable and desirable oxidation state, thus both work function and conductivity of the polymer can be electrochemically controlled.

Keywords: Electrochemistry; Electrochemical doping; Perchlorate; Cyclic voltammetry; Conducting polymers; Electronic Properties; Poly(phenylenesulfidephenyleneamine); PPSA.

References: 15 live references.