Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2001, 66, 411-422

Adsorption of Butyl Acetate on Mercury Electrode and Its Effect on Electroreduction of Zn Cations

Dorota Gugała, Dorota Sieńko and Jadwiga Saba*

Faculty of Chemistry, M. Curie-Skłodowska University, 20-031 Lublin, Poland


Adsorption of butyl acetate on the mercury electrode in 1 M, 0.5 M or 0.1 M NaClO4 is described. Differential capacity curves obtained in these solutions for various butyl acetate concentrations point to the strongest decrease in capacity in 0.1 M NaClO4 for the smallest concentration of the ester tested. At the same time the heights of desorption peaks in the solutions tested decrease in the following order: 1 M > 0.5 M > 0.1 M NaClO4. The obtained results show dynamic competitive adsorption in the ClO4--H2O-ester system. In all the systems studied the zero charge potential values determined with a streaming electrode are shifted towards positive potential with increasing ester concentration. These results suggest that the polar molecule of the ester adsorbs on the mercury electrode with its hydrophobic end while hydrophilic ester group is directed towards the solution. The values of the relative surface excess obtained in the range of potentials where the strong adsorption occurs, virtually do not depend on the base electrolyte concentration. The values of the Gibbs energy of adsorption ∆G0 determined from the Frumkin isotherm have also similar values at base concentrations of the electrolyte tested. The values of interaction constant A are radically different: the adsorbed molecules undergo repulsive force in 1 M NaClO4, whereas in 0.5 M and 0.1 M NaClO4 they are under weak attraction. In the range of more negative potentials, the adsorption layer was investigated following the kinetics of the reduction of Zn++ as a pilot ion. It was stated that the concentration of the base electrolyte fundamentally affects the process: the inhibition of butyl acetate decreases in the order 1 M > 0.5 M > 0.1 M NaClO4.

Keywords: Electrochemistry; Adsorption; Butyl acetate; Mercury electrode; Zinc; Polarography.

References: 19 live references.