Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1998, 63, 1447-1459

Theoretical Study of the Physisorption of CO on Metal Oxide Surfaces Using the KSCED-DFT Approach

Nathalie Vulliermet, Tomasz A. Wesolowski and Jacques Weber

Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Geneva, 30, quai Ernest-Ansermet, CH-1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland


Theoretical studies on structure and stretching frequency of the CO molecule physisorbed on the MgO(100) or ZnO(1010) surfaces are reported. The properties of the adsorbed molecule were investigated by means of the recently developed formalism of Kohn-Sham equations with constrained electron density (KSCED). The KSCED method makes it possible to divide a large system into two subsystems and to study one of them using Kohn-Sham-like equations with an effective potential which takes into account the interactions between subsystems. This method (KSCED) was shown to be adequate to study the properties of the CO molecule adsorbed on the MgO(100) surface as reported in a previous paper (Wesolowski et. al.: J. Mol. Struct., THEOCHEM, in press). The effect of the interactions with the surface on the CO stretching frequency and geometry was analyzed for vertically bound (C-down) CO at the Zn-site of the ZnO(1010) surface. The ZnO(1010) surface was represented using several cluster models: Zn2+, (ZnO3)4-, or Zn9O9 embedded in a matrix of point charges. The KSCED frequency shift of the CO stretching vibration is blue-shifted and in good agreement with experiment.

Keywords: Physisorption; Frozen electron density; IR Frequencies; Zinc oxides; Magnesium oxides; Carbon monoxide; Clusters.