Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1998, 63, 1381-1393

Singlet-Triplet Splitting in Methylene: An Accurate Description of Dynamic and Nondynamic Correlation by Reduced Multireference Coupled Cluster Method

Xiangzhu Li and Josef Paldus

Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1


A classical multireference problem - the singlet-triplet separation in methylene - is examined by the recently introduced reduced multireference (RMR) singles and doubles coupled cluster (CCSD) method, using both double zeta plus polarization (DZP) and large atomic natural orbital (ANO) basis sets. In the former case, the performance of the RMR CCSD as well as of other approaches is assessed by a comparison with the full configuration interaction (FCI) result that represents the exact solution for this basis, while in the latter case a comparison is made with the experiment. It is shown that using a minimal two-configuration reference space, the RMR CCSD result compares well with either FCI or experiment; and is of the same quality as that provided by the two-reference state universal MR CCSD theory. Both MR CCSD approaches give a balanced description for the singlet and triplet states involved and correct the shortcomings of the single reference CCSD approach that is lacking in the presence of nondynamical correlation effects.

Keywords: Multireference coupled clusters; Methylene; Electron correlation; Singlet-triplet separation; Ab initio calculations.