Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1997, 62, 471-478

Synthesis of 24-(Piperidin-1-yl, Morpholin-4-yl and 4-Methylpiperazin-1-yl)-5β-cholan-3α-ols and Four Hydroxylated 23-(4,5-Dihydroimidazol-2-yl)-24-nor-5β-cholanes

Thi Thu Huong Nguyena, Jiří Protivaa, Eva Klinotováa, Jiří Urbanb and Miroslav Protivac

a Department of Organic Chemistry, Charles University, 128 40 Prague 2, Czech Republic
b J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic,182 23 Prague 8, Czech Republic
c Post Office 31, 130 01 Prague 3, Czech Republic


Lithocholic (1a), chenodeoxycholic (1b), deoxycholic (1c) and cholic acid (1d) were used for the synthesis of the title compouds. Reactions of O-acetyllithocholic acid chloride with piperidine, morpholine and 1-methylpiperazine gave the corresponding amides 2a-2c which were reduced with lithium aluminium hydride to 24-(piperidin-1-yl)-5β-cholan-3α-ol (3a) and analogues 3b and 3c. Heating of the acids 1a-1d with ethylenediamine monotosylate afforded 23-(4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-yl)-24-nor-5β-cholan-3α-ol (4a) and analogues 4b-4d. Compound 4a was similarly obtained from 3α-acetoxy-24-nor-5β-cholane-23-carbonitrile. Identity of the products was corroborated by spectral characterization. Some of the products (in the form of salts) were tested for cancerostatic and antimicrobial activities in vitro with partially promising results.

Keywords: 24-Heterocyclylcholanes; Synthesis.