Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1997, 62, 1642-1649

Synthesis of (15E)-17β-hydroxy-5α-androstane-3,15-dione 15-[O-(Carboxymethyl)]oxime, New Hapten for Dihydrotestosterone (17β-hydroxy-5α-androstan-3-one)

Ivan Černý, Tereza Slavíková and Vladimír Pouzar

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic


Addition of 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol to 3β-hydroxy-5α-androst-15-en-17-one gave the mixture of isomeric 15-(4-methoxyphenyl)methoxy derivatives from which, after acetylation and chromatography, the major 15β isomer was separated. Borohydride reduction gave 17β-hydroxy derivative which was protected as methoxymethyl ether. Oxidative cleavage of protecting group at position 15 and the subsequent Jones oxidation afforded corresponding 15-ketone. Its oximation with O-(carboxymethyl)hydroxylamine, deacetylation and methylation with diazomethane gave protected O-(carboxymethyl)oxime derivative with free hydroxy group at position 3. Its oxidation afforded dihydrotestosterone derivative and successive deprotection of position 17 and of carboxy group led to final (15E)-17β-hydroxy-5α-androstane-3,15-dione 15-[O-(carboxymethyl)]oxime. The title compound was designed as dihydrotestosterone hapten for heterologous radioimmunoassays.

Keywords: Steroids; DHT; CMO; Protecting groups; MPM; Hapten.