Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1994, 59, 2227-2234

Determination of Some Nitrophenols by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) After Extraction of Ionic Associates Involving the Bipyridylocopper(II) or Phenanthrolinocopper(II) Complex

Václav Stužka and Jaromír Souček

Department of Analytical and Organic Chemistry, Palacký University, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic


A new method has been developed for the indirect determination of nitroso- and nitrophenols by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) after extraction of ionic associates involving bipyridylocopper(II) (CuDP) or phenanthrolinocopper(II) (CuPH) complexes. Nitrobenzene and methyl isobutyl ketone appeared to be suitable for the extraction. It was possible to determine several tenths to hundredths of a milligram of nitrophenol in a litre. Extractable associates with CuDP and CuPH are formed by phenols possessing two substituents or by higher molecular weight phenols such as naphthol or hydroxyquinoline. Monosubstituted phenols fail to form associates of this kind.