Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1993, 58, 1403-1418

Synthesis and Biological Effects of 9-(3-Hydroxy-2-phosphonomethoxypropyl) Derivatives of Deazapurine Bases

Hana Dvořáková, Antonín Holý and Petr Alexander

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic


Analogs of antiviral 9-(S)-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonomethoxypropyl)adenine (HPMPA, I), containing modified purine bases 3-deazaadenine XII, 1-deazaadenine XIV, 7-deaz-7-cyanoaadenine XXXII and 3-deazaguanine XXXVIII, were prepared by alkylation of the bases with synthon XVII, containing preformed structure of the side chain, in the presence of cesium carbonate. The obtained protected derivatives were deblocked successively with sodium methoxide and bromotrimethylsilane to give phosphonic acids XII, XIV, XXXII and XXXVIII. Compounds XII, XIV and XVI were also prepared from (S)- or (R)-9-(2,3-dihydroxypropylderivatives VI, VII and XV by the reaction with chloromethanephosphonyl dichloride, isomerization of the arising 2'- and 3'-chloromethanephosphonates and conversion of the 3'-isomers into the phosphonic acids in alkaline medium. The 3-deaza analog XII was also prepared by ditritylation of VI, reaction with bis(2-propyl) tosyloxymethanephosphonate (XXII), subsequent acid hydrolysis and reaction with bromotrimethylsilane. 3-DeazaHPMPA (XII) is a potent inhibitor of DNA viruses (HSV-1, HSV-2, VZV, CMV) and exhibits activity against Plasmodium sp.