Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1993, 58, 2595-2604

Effect of Temperature History upon Stability and Melting of Poly(ethylene oxide)

Antonín Sikora, Bedřich Porsch and Julius Pouchlý

Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 162 06 Prague 6, Czech Republic


The effect of temperature history upon the distribution of molecular weights and melting points has been investigated with high-molecular poly(ethylene oxides). The results obtained by the size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) have shown that a long-term annealing of high-molecular poly(ethylene oxides) results in a distinct degradation of polymeric chains. The change in distribution of molecular weights and the presence of oligomers formed by degradation markedly affect the melting points of poly(ethylene oxide). The diffusion of oligomers from crystalline into amorphous regions is manifested by a time change of melting point and crystallinity degree of poly(ethylene oxide). The degradation is also observed during X-ray measurements.