Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1990, 55, 634-643

Additive-multiplicative description of extrathermodynamic relations: Application to solvent effect

Oldřich Pytela

Department of Organic Chemistry, Institute of Chemical Technology, 532 10 Pardubice


The paper is focused on evaluation of significance of the additive-multiplicative model of extrathermodynamic relations (linear free energy relationships) as compared with the additive model. Application of the method of conjugated deviations to a data matrix describing manifestations of solvent effects in 367 processes in solutions (6 334 data) has shown that introduction of cross-terms into the additive model is statistically significant for a model with two and particularly three parameters. At the same time the calculation has provided a new set of statistical parameters for description of solvent effect with application of the additive-multiplicative model. Compared with an analogous set designated for the additive model, the new parameters show a lower mutual correlation, retaining the same nature of the properties described, i.e. polarity-acidity (PAC parameter), polarity-basicity (PBC), and polarity-polarizability (PPC).