Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1990, 55, 2606-2609

Contribution to the thermodynamics of bromophenol blue in the two-phase water-nitrobenzene extraction system

Emanuel Makrlík

Motorlet, 158 01 Prague 5-Jinonice


General relations among thermodynamic parameters characterizing dissociation equilibria with species H2A, HA- and A2- (H2A is a symbol for an electroneutral undissociated acid) in a two-phase extraction system have been derived. From the extraction measurements, the equilibrium distribution constant of electroneutral bromophenol blue between the nitrobenzene phase and the aqueous one has been determined: log KD(H2A) = 3.60 ± 0.01. By using this value and further known constants and applying the mentioned relations the following values of dissociation constants of bromophenol blue in nitrobenzene saturated with water have been calculated for a temperature of 25 °C: pKaorg(H2A) = -log Kaorg(H2A) = 10.1 and pKaorg(HA-) = -log Kaorg(HA-) = 14.5.