Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1985, 50, 2893-2902

Effect of sulphur compounds on the heptane pyrolysis kinetics

Martin Bajus and Jozef Baxa

Department of Petroleum Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Slovak Institute of Technology, 812 37 Bratislava


The effect of 1-didecyl sulphide, diethyl disulphide, p,p'-dichlorodiphenyl disulphide, 1-butanethiol, 0,0'-di-1-butyl dithiophosphate zinc, 0,0'-diethyl dithiophosphoric acid and carbon disulphide, respectively, on the kinetics and selectivity of the thermal decomposition of heptane at 700 °C and 100 kPa was studied in a stainless steel flow-through tube reactor. The sulphur substance content was 0.1-1.0 wt.%. 1-Didecyl sulphide, p,p'-dichlorodiphenyl disulphide, 1-butylthiol, 0,0'-di-1-butyl dithiophosphate zinc and carbon disulphide favour the decomposition of heptane by 5-17%. A decrease in the heptane decomposition rate was observed in the presence of diethyl disulphide (2.8%) and 0,0'-diethyl dithiophosphoric acid (13.9%). The selectivity of decomposition to ethylene is increased by diethyl disulphide, p,p'-dichlorodiphenyl disulphide, carbon disulphide and 1-didecyl sulphide and, in the range of short reaction times, also by 0,0'-diethyl dithiophosphoric acid, 0,0'-di-1-butyl dithiophosphate zinc and 1-butanethiol.