Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1985, 50, 2679-2684

Gas chromatographic analysis of mercaptans using the ion-selective electrode detector

Ján Kehra and Peter Králikb

a Institute of Neurobiology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 041 67 Košice
b Institute of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, P. J. Šafárik University, 041 67 Košice


An electrochemical ion-selective electrode detector in conjunction with the gas chromatograph and the TCD in series is described and its operating characteristics are discussed. Under optimal conditions for resolution, mercaptans are absorbed in 1 . 10-4 mol l-1 AgNO3 absorption solution at a flow rate 1.2 ml min-1 and detected by Ag2S-solid membrane electrode. The detection limit 6 . 10-11 mol S calculated for propyl mercaptan is achieved, however, only in 1 . 10-5 mol l-1 AgNO3, where a poor resolution of mercaptane occurs. Other parameters affecting the separation and sensitivity are flow rate of absorption solution and geometry of the cell and of the absorber.