Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1984, 49, 2148-2166

Preparation and synthetic utilization of 3-(adenin-9-yl)-2-hydroxyalkanoic acids and their derivatives

Antonín Holý

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 166 10 Prague 6


Condensation of adenine and its substituted derivatives with 1,1-dialkoxy-2-bromoalkanes afforded substituted 2-(adenin-9-yl)-1,1-dialkoxyalkanes I and IV. Acid hydrolysis of I or IV, followed by reaction with alkali metal cyanides and acid hydrolysis, gave substituted 3-(adenin-9-yl)-2-hydroxyalkanoic acids II, Vand VI. Methyl esters of these compounds (VIII) were converted into 3-(adenin-9-yl)alkane-1,2-diols IX by reduction with sodium borohydride. 3-(Adenin-9-yl)-2-methoxypropanoic acid (XVII) was obtained by oxidation of 9-(3-hydroxy-2-methoxypropyl)adenine (XVI) with sodium periodate; 4-(adenin-9-yl)-2-(S)-hydroxybutanoic acid (XXVII) was synthesized by oxidation of 9-(S)-(2-tetrahydropyranyloxy-4-hydroxybutyl)adenine (XXV), prepared from diethyl L-malate. Acid hydrolysis of XXV afforded 9-(S)-(2,4-dihydroxybutyl)adenine (XXVI). 4-(Adenin-9-yl)-3-hydroxypentanoic acid (XXIX) was obtained by reaction of malonic acid with 2-(adenin-9-yl)-1,1-diethoxypropane (IVa) in water.