Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1983, 48, 1290-1304

Quantitative description of the changes in the acid-base properties of bromocresol green in the presence of submicelle and micelle concentrations of cationic tenside-Septonex

Josef Havel, Irena Burešová-jančářová and Vlastimil Kubáň

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Purkyně University, 611 37 Brno


The effect of cationic surface-active substances - tensides - on the acid-base and optical properties of anionic organic analytical reagents was studied by spectrophotometric methods on the example of bromocresol green with Septonex in the submicelle and micelle tenside concentration regions. The acid-base properties of bromocresol green under the given experimental conditions depend on the concentrations of the tenside and reagent and on the type and concentration of the inert electrolyte. Changes in the conditional dissociation constant of the reagent were quantitatively described by equations that were derived from the relationships for the dissociation constant of the acid-base transition of the reagent LH/L-, the equilibrium constant for formation of the stoichiometric ion-associates between the tenside T+ and the anionic acid-base form of the reagent L- or the anion of the inert electrolyte X- and the equilibrium constant for formation of the polymeric micelle aggregates (T+)n. The experimental values of the conditional dissociation constants for bromocresol green for various tenside or inert electrolyte concentrations are in good agreement with these theoretically derived relationships.