Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1983, 48, 421-438

The effects of preparation and some physico-chemical parameters on the properties of styrene catalyst - based on iron(III) oxide.

Milan Pospíšila, Jiří Spěváčekb and Jindřich Kryškab

a Department of Nuclear Engineering, Czech Technical University, 115 19 Prague
b Research Institute of Synthetic Resins, 278 52 Kralupy nad Vltavou


Hydrated iron(III) oxides were obtained by discontinuous precipitation of an iron(II) sulfate solution with aqueous ammonium - saturated with carbon dioxide to different CO2/NH3 ratios. An additional thermal treatment of these oxides, under different conditions, provided genetic sequences of intermediates and their final products - catalysts on a Fe2O3/K2O basis, with different promoters. The catalysts were studied by means of the microstructural; analysis, thermogravimetry, DTA, IR spectroscopy and further tested by the dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene. It was observed that by changing the CO2/NH3 ratio in the precipitation of the initial solutions one can influence some of the properties, as well as, the morphology and thermal stability of the initial intermediates of the preparation of the catalysts. The above mentioned properties become practically unified with the increasing number of the heat treatment operations, with all the investigated catalysts - with the exception of the catalysts' behaviour during their reduction with hydrogen. The presence of iron oxides in various valency states and the different phase composition of the catalysts during their reduction affect the final activity and selectivity of the catalyst in the reaction under the study.