Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1983, 48, 3618-3628

Neighboring group participation in electrophilic additions: The role of Markovnikov and Fürst-Plattner rule in hypobromous acid addition to 5,6-unsaturated cholestane derivatives

Pavel Kočovský

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 166 10 Prague 6


On reaction with hypobromous acid, the unsaturated alcohol IIIa yields the diequatorial bromo epoxide XIX arising from the 5α,6α-bromonium ion XVIIIa on cleavage at C(5) by 19b-hydroxyl group with 6(O)n participation. By contrast, the bromonium ion XVIIIb generated from the unsaturated methyl ether IIIb is cleaved by water as external nucleophile to yield the unstable diaxial bromohydrin XX which undergoes cyclization to the oxirane derivative XXI. A comparison with the reaction course in homologs of the type I and II permits the conclusion that the change in regioselectivity, generally possible outcome of the 5(O)n participation, is only possible for the 6(O)n process if the participating group is a hydroxyl.