Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1982, 47, 1613-1620

Organic ion exchangers with enhanced catalytic activity

Zdeněk Prokop and Karel Setínek

Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 165 02 Prague 6-Suchdol


Several methods aimed at increasing the catalytic activity of the sulphonated styrene-divinylbenzene macroporous ion exchanger Wofatit OK 80 have been tested. The activity of the prepared ion exchanger catalysts has been examined in three reactions of different type which allowed to examine the effect of the methods used in the broader range of conditions. The results obtained show that the catalytic activity of ion exchangers can be increased substantially either by increasing the total number of acid functional groups, or, particularly, by such treatment which makes the maximal number of the present functional groups accessible to reaction components. However, by the chemical procedures used to enhance the activity, the ion exchangers acquire frequently also some properties which affect negatively their application as catalysts.