Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1982, 47, 1606-1612

Chemiluminescence determination of chromium(VI), molybdenum(VI), and vanadium(V) with bis-(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl) oxalate and perylene

Záviš Holzbecher, Lubomír Kábrt and Lubomír Janšta

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Prague Institute of Chemical Technology, 166 28 Prague 6


The effect of the experimental conditions (pH, ionic strength, hydrogen peroxide concentration) and of various metal salts on the chemiluminescence occurring during oxidation of bis-(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl) oxalate (TCPO) with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of perylene was studied in water-methyl acetate solutions. The spectrum of the emitted radiation was found practically identical with the fluorescence spectrum of perylene. The observed catalytic effect of Cr(IV), Mo(VI), and V(V) on the chemiluminescence reaction in question can be explained so that these elements form peroxo acids with hydrogen peroxide, thereby facilitating the oxygen transfer from the latter to TCPO. Based on this phenomenon, a method is suggested for the determination of the above elements in concentrations about 10-3 to 10-4 mol l-1; its precision, represented by the relative standard deviation, is about 3-4%, the limits of determination of Cr(VI), Mo(VI), and V(V) are approximately 5-10 μg.