Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1982, 47, 1444-1464

Extraction of strontium and barium by nitrobenzene solution of dicarbolide in the presence of polyethylene glycols

Petr Vaňura, Emanuel Makrlík, Jiří Rais and Miroslav Kyrš

Nuclear Research Institute, 250 68 Řež


Extraction of microamounts of Sr2+ and Ba2+ from 0.2-1.0M-HClO4 by the nitrobenzene solutions of dicarbolide H+[Co(C2B9H11)2]- in the presence of polyethylene glycols (PEG) (Mr = 200, 300, 400) has been investigated. It has been found that the extraction of the protonized polyethylene glycol molecule (H+ + L ##e HL+, where the bar denotes species present in the organic phase) and the extraction of the complex between the extracted ion and polyethylene glycol, i.e., M2+ +L + 2 H+ ##e ML2+ + 2 H+, are the predominant reactions in this system. The respective equilibrium constants have been determined. The hydration numbers of HL+ and ML2+ ions in the organic phase have been obtained from the determination of water content by Karl Fischer titration method. The extraction constants and stability constants in the organic phase increase in the sequence H+ < Sr2+ < Ba2+ and PEG 200 < PEG 300 < PEG 400, while the hydration numbers decrease in the same sequence. Correlations between the hydration numbers and the extraction constants for these cations have been found.