Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2006, 71, 739-755

Atomic Iodine Generation via Fluorine Atoms for Chemical Oxygen-Iodine Laser

Miroslav Čenskýa,*, Otomar Špaleka, Vít Jiráseka, Jarmila Kodymováa and Ivo Jakubecb

a Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic
b Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 250 68 Řež near Prague, Czech Republic


Chemical generation of atomic iodine for a chemical oxygen-iodine laser (COIL) was investigated experimentally. In the two-step reaction mechanism, molecular fluorine reacts with nitrogen oxide and formed fluorine atoms react then with hydrogen iodide to iodine atoms. The efficiency of this process was studied in dependence on mixing conditions, flow rate of reacting gases and pressure in reactor. A maximum concentration of atomic iodine was obtained at approximately equimolar ratio of reacting gases (F2, NO and HI), which agrees well with the stoichiometry of production reactions. A shortage of any reacting gases limits the rate of atomic iodine formation. An excess of F2 relative to NO at a simultaneous deficiency of HI had a most detrimental effect on atomic iodine production. High concentrations of atomic iodine (5-8 × 1015 cm-3) were achieved by this method at pressures 4-9 kPa, which are sufficient for a COIL operation. This makes it possible to use the above method as a source of iodine atoms and their injection into the primary flow of singlet oxygen in COIL.

Keywords: Atomic iodine; Atomic fluorine; Halogens; NO; Chemical oxygen-iodine laser; COIL; Kinetics.

References: 23 live references.