Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2006, 71, 635-649

Synthesis of Novel Racemic Conformationally Locked Carbocyclic Nucleosides Derived from 7-Substituted Bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2,2-dimethanols

Michal Šála, Hubert Hřebabecký*, Milena Masojídková and Antonín Holý

Centre for New Antivirals and Antineoplastics, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic


(1R*,4R*,7S*)-7-Aminobicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2,2-dimethanol (15) was prepared in four easy steps from bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2,2-dimethanol (10). Reaction of amine 15 with ethyl N-((E)-3-ethoxymethacryloyl)carbamate afforded thymine derivatives 17a. The amine 15 was used to construct 6-chloro-9H-purine derivative 19a, 2-amino-6-chloro-9H-purine derivative 22a. Ammonolysis of 19a led to the adenine derivative 20a. Treatment of 22a with trifluoroacetic acid afforded guanine nucleoside 23a. (1R*,4R*,7S*)-7-[6-(Cyclopropylamino)-9H-purin-9-yl]bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2,2-dimethanol (21a) and (1R*,4R*,7S*)-7-[2-amino-6-(cyclopropylamino)-9H-purin-9-yl]bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2,2-dimethanol (24a) were prepared by aminolysis of 19a and 22a. Saturated nucleosides 17b, 20b, 21b, 23b, 24b were obtained by hydrogenation on palladium catalyst.

Keywords: Carbanucleosides; Carbocyclic nucleosides; Nucleosides; Norbornenes; Locked nucleosides; Conformation analysis; Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement; Purines; Thymine; Antiviral activity.

References: 28 live references.