Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2005, 70, 979-1016

The Hodge Operator in Fermionic Fock Space

Leszek Z. Stolarczyk

Department of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, PL-02-093 Warsaw, Poland


The Hodge operator ("star" operator) plays an important role in the theory of differential forms, where it serves as a tool for the switching between the exterior derivative and co-derivative. In the theory of many-electron systems involving a finite-dimensional fermionic Fock space, one can define the Hodge operator as a unique (i.e., invariant with respect to linear transformations of the spin-orbital basis set) antilinear operator. The similarity transformation based on the Hodge operator results in the switching between the fermion creation and annihilation operators. The present paper gives a self-contained account on the algebraic structures which are necessary for the construction of the Hodge operator: the fermionic Fock space, the corresponding Grassmann algebra, and the generalized creation and annihilation operators. The Hodge operator is then defined, and its properties are reviewed. It is shown how the notion of the Hodge operator can be employed in a construction of the electronic time-reversal operator.

Keywords: Many-electron systems; Fermions; Fock space; Grassmann algebra; Hodge operator; Time-reversal operator; Spin-orbital bases; Quantum chemistry.

References: 17 live references.