Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2004, 69, 659-673

Chicken Egg Yolk as an Excellent Source of Highly Specific Antibodies Against Cytochromes P450

Petr Hodek*, Tomáš Koblas, Helena Rýdlová, Božena Kubíčková, Miroslav Šulc, Jiří Hudeček and Marie Stiborová

Department of Biochemistry, Charles University in Prague, Hlavova 8, 128 40 Prague 2, Czech Republic


Using chicken antibodies IgY (purified from egg yolks) against mammalian cytochromes P450 and by means of cytochrome P450 marker substrates, we found for the first time the presence of hepatopancreatic cytochrome P450 in crayfish Orconectes limosus (an inducible cytochrome P450 2B-like enzyme) and we were able to detect and quantify cytochrome P450 1A1 in microsomes of human livers. Expression levels of cytochrome P450 1A1 in human livers constituted less than 0.6% of the total hepatic cytochrome P450 complement. The results obtained in our study are clear examples that chicken IgY are suitable for cytochrome P450 detection and quantification. Due to the evolutionary distance, chicken IgY reacts with more epitopes on a mammalian antigen, which gives an amplification of the signal. Moreover, this approach offers many advantages over common mammalian antibody production since chicken egg is an abundant source of antibodies (about 100 mg IgY/yolk) and the egg collection is a non-invasive technique. In the case of antibodies against cytochrome P450 2B4, we documented fast and steady production of highly specific immunoglobulins. Thus, chicken antibodies should be considered as a good alternative to and/or superior substitute for conventional polyclonal antibody produced in mammals.

Keywords: Yolk antibody; Chicken egg; IgY application; Immunoassays; Cytochrome P450; Crayfish; Human liver; Antibodies; Antigens; Immunoglobulins.

References: 53 live references.