Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2003, 68, 587-626

Modeling of the Three-Body Effects in the Neutral Trimers in the Quartet State by ab initio Calculations. H3, Na3, and Na2B

Jacek Jakowskia, Grzegorz Chałasińskia,*, Małgorzata M. Szczęśniakb and Slawomir M. Cybulskic

a Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw, Poland
b Department of Chemistry, Oakland University, Rochester, MI 48309, U.S.A.
c Department of Chemistry, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, U.S.A.


The Na2B, Na3, and H3 trimers in the lowest quartet states were studied by ab initio methods, using both the supermolecular approach and the intermolecular Møller-Plesset perturbation theory. Partitioning of the nonadditive contribution into the orientational two-body part and the genuine three-body part was proposed. The lowest quartet state of the Na3 trimer and all the three lowest quartet states of the Na2B trimer are bound, and the forms of these clusters are essentially determined by two-body forces. In the case of the Na2B trimer the orientational two-body nonadditivity proved to be crucial. In addition, in the title metal trimers, in the region of the van der Waals minima, the genuine nonadditivity is very important, and amounts to 30% in Na2B and up to 70% in Na3. The leading nonadditive term is the triple-exchange Heitler-London exchange term. For triangular arrangements it considerably enhances the total stabilization. The single-exchange term and the SCF deformation play only a secondary role. The dispersion nonadditivity is negligible. The isotropic part of the basis set superposition error (BSSE) is large and must be corrected by the counterpoise method. The anisotropic contribution to BSSE is practically negligible.

Keywords: Perturbation theory; Counterpoise method; Sodium; Hydrogen; Trimers; Ab initio calculations; Clusters.

References: 53 live references.