Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2002, 67, 1125-1140

Molecular Interaction in Binary Mixtures of Benzyl Alcohol with Ethanol, Propan-1-ol and Octan-1-ol at 303 K: An Ultrasonic and Viscometric Study

Anwar Ali*, Abida, Soghra Hyder and Anil Kumar Nain

Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi-110025, India


Densities, ultrasonic speeds and viscosities have been measured for benzyl alcohol, ethanol, propan-1-ol, octan-1-ol and for their binary mixtures with benzyl alcohol as common component at 303 K. From the experimental data, isentropic compressibility, relative association, acoustic impedance, molar sound velocity, excess volume, excess isentropic compressibility, deviations of viscosity and ultrasonic speed from linear dependence on composition, excess acoustic impedance and molecular association for all the three binary mixtures were obtained. These parameters have been interpreted in terms of intermolecular interactions. The experimental viscosity data of the three binary mixtures were used to test the validity of the empirical relations of Grunberg-Nissan, Tamura-Kurata, Hind-Mclaughlin, Katti-Chaudhary and Heric. The experimental values of ultrasonic speeds have been compared with those predicted on the basis of the Nomoto empirical relation, collision factor theory, free length theory and van Dael and Vangeel ideal mixing relation. The relative merits of these theories and relations are discussed.

Keywords: Binary mixtures; Alcohols; Thermodynamics; Viscosity; Density; Ultrasonic speeds; Mixing.

References: 44 live references.