Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2001, 66, 1407-1419

Extraction of Tungsten with Trialkylamine - Effect of pH

Jaroslav Procházka*, Aleš Heyberger, Jan Horáček, Eva Volaufová, Jitka Voborská and Eva Macháčková

Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 165 02 Prague 6, Czech Republic


Extraction equilibrium in the system aqueous solution of sodium tungstate-solution of trialkylamine in a mixed diluent was investigated. A tertiary amine with C7-C9 straight alkyl chains was dissolved in a mixture of tributyl phosphate and kerosene and presaturated with sulfuric acid to give normal trialkylamine sulfate. Extraction isotherms at 25 °C and at several constant values of equilibrium pH were measured in a broad range of aqueous tungstate concentrations. pH 2.0-6.0 was adjusted by addition of sulfuric acid during equilibration. The equilibrium tungstate and sulfate contents in both phases were determined. A typical tungstate isotherm exhibits a steep ascending part in the low concentration range, corresponding to the region of anion exchange, and a flat part in the high concentration range, where the acid content in the organic phase is virtually exhausted. The level of the flat part decreases with growing pH, corresponding to the increasing number of negative charges per tungsten atom in the tungstate polyanions extracted. At pH > 5, also the effect of hydrolysis of amine sulfate could be detected.

Keywords: Liquid-liquid extraction; Ion exchange; Equilibrium; Tungsten; Tungstates; Wolfram; pH effect.

References: 13 live references.