Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 2000, 65, 899-923

Radical Intermediates in Electrochemical Polymer-Forming Reactions

Rudolf Holze

Technische Universität Chemnitz, Institut für Chemie, D-09107 Chemnitz, Germany


The role of organic radicals in the formation of functional polymers, in particular intrinsically conducting polymers, is reviewed. New results recently obtained with in situ spectroscopic methods illustrating the influence of the molecular structure of monomers (aniline and substituted anilines) in the behaviour of radical intermediates are presented. The stabilising influence of substituents at various positions of the aniline molecule is evaluated and compared based on conceivable structures of reaction intermediates.

Keywords: Electrochemistry; Conducting polymers; Polyaniline; Intermediates; Spectroelectrochemistry; Radicals.

References: 69 live references.