Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1999, 64, 1369-1384

Fluorescence Anisotropy and Mobility of Dansyl Fluorophore in Labelled Homologous Alkanes

Drahomír Výprachtický*, Veronika Pokorná, Jan Pecka and František Mikeš

Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Heyrovského nám. 2, 162 06 Prague 6, Czech Republic


Using the steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy, the mobility of 5-(dimethylamino)naphthalene-1-sulfonyl (dansyl) fluorophore in homologous 1-[2-acetamido-3-(1H-indol-3-yl)propanamido]-n-[5-(dimethylamino)naphthalene-1-sulfonamido]alkanes 1 was studied in binary solvents glycerol-water. Steady-state fluorescence data were evaluated by the generalized Perrin equation and the micro-Brownian motion of dansyl fluorophore was described by means of average characteristics (rotational relaxation times) of the rotational relaxation spectrum. The rotational relaxation time of "fast" motions caused by torsional vibrations of single bonds within the rotational-isomeric states decreases with increasing number of methylene groups in homologous compounds. The rotational relaxation time of "slow" motions due to conformational changes of the chain between the tryptophane and dansyl fluorophore remains at first approximately constant with increasing number of methylene groups but increases considerably for long aliphatic chains. The observed decrease in the rate of conformational changes of a long aliphatic chain is probably due to intramolecular interaction of parts of the methylene chain in a medium with high water content. The values of activation enthalpyH and activation entropyS calculated from experimental data corroborate such interpretation. Time-resolved anisotropy of dansyl fluorophore at a particular binary solvent composition confirmed the shape of rotational relaxation spectrum and the measured rotational correlation times have been discussed. The time-dependent decays of anisotropy supported our previous interpretation in terms of intramolecular association of the long aliphatic chain in polar medium.

Keywords: Fluorescence anisotropy; Dansyl fluorophore; Time-resolved fluorescence; Rotational correlation time; Micro-Brownian motion; Fluorescence spectroscopy.