Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1999, 64, 31-43

Phase Stability of Hydrogen-Bonded Polymer Mixtures. III. Spinodal Diagrams

Julius Pouchlý, Antonín Živný* and Antonín Sikora

Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 162 06 Prague 6, Czech Republic


Relations derived on the basis of the Barker-Guggenheim quasichemical theory were used for construction of spinodal diagrams (temperature versus composition) of a mixture of two polymers in which hydrogen bonds and other strong interactions exist. A function dependence of parameters of quasichemical equilibrium, η, was proposed, which has the form of the Boltzmann function at lower temperatures, but at higher temperatures corresponds to random mixing. The spinodal diagrams were constructed for several sets of dependences of η on temperature in a wide temperature range for different chain lengths, r, or for different values of the content of polar groups in one of the polymers. According to circumstances, the phase diagram shows one or two temperature regions of phase instability or the phase instability occurs in a certain range of composition at any temperature. Though the chain length was chosen equal for both polymers, the phase diagrams are asymmetric in the sense that the critical points are shifted towards that border of the diagram which corresponds to the component with a larger relative content of the polar group. The temperature range of phase instability is strongly influenced by small changes in the relative surface area of polar groups in the molecules.

Keywords: Polymer mixtures; Hydrogen bonds; Quasichemical equilibrium theory; Spinodal diagrams; Critical solution temperature.