Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1998, 63, 955-966

Determination of the Accurate Values of the Rate Constant and Thermodynamic Parameters for the Rotation About the C(sp2)-C(aryl) Bond; Adamantan-1-yl 3-Bromo-2,4,6-trimethylphenyl Ketone

Eva Přibylová and Miroslav Holík

Department of Theoretical and Physical Chemistry, Masaryk University, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic


Four programs for the 1H NMR line shape analysis: two commercial - Winkubo (Bruker) and DNMR5 (QCPE 165) and two written in our laboratory - Newton (in Microsoft Excel) and Simtex (in Matlab) have been tested in order to get highly accurate rate constants of the hindered rotation about a single bond. For this purpose four testing criteria were used, two of them were also developed by us. As supplementary determinations the rate constants obtained for the coalescence temperature and for the thermal racemization of chromatographically separated enantiomers were used which fitted well the temperature dependence of the rate constants determined by the line shape analysis. As a test compound adamantan-1-yl 3-bromo-2,4,6-trimethylphenyl ketone was prepared and studied. It was shown that supermodified simplex method used in our algorithm (Simtex), though time consuming, gives the most accurate values of the rate constants and consequently the calculated thermodynamic parameters Ea, ∆H, and ∆S lay in relatively narrow confidence intervals.

Keywords: Rate constants; Thermodynamic parameters; NMR line shape analysis; Dynamic NMR spectroscopy; Thermal racemization; HPLC/polarimetry.