Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1998, 63, 2044-2064

Synthesis of Carba Analogues of Deoxy-4-C-(hydroxymethyl)pentofuranoses, Intermediates in the Synthesis of Carbocyclic Nucleosides

Hubert Hřebabecký, Milena Masojídková and Antonín Holý

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic,166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic


Racemic dimethyl 4-methoxy- (11 and 12), diallyl 4-allyloxy- (13 and 14) and dimethyl 4-(ethylsulfanyl)-2-hydroxycyclopentane-1,1-dicarboxylates (15 and 16) were prepared by base-catalyzed addition of methanol, allyl alcohol and ethylsulfane, respectively, to dimethyl (4-oxobut-2-en-1-yl)malonate (6). Deallylation of 13 and 14 afforded 4-hydroxycyclopentanes 27 and 28. Reduction of 11-16 with lithium aluminium hydride gave the corresponding 4-substituted 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)cyclopentanols. Dimethyl (2S,3S,4R)-, (2R,3S,4R)-3-benzyloxy-4-formyloxy-2-hydroxycyclopentane-1,1-dicarboxylates (35, 36) and dimethyl (2S,3S,4R)-, (2R,3S,4R)-3-benzyloxy-2-benzoyloxy-4-methoxycyclopentane-1,1-dicarboxylates (39, 40) were synthesized starting from D-glucose. Reduction of dimethyl cyclopentane-1,1-dicarboxylates 39 and 40 with lithium aluminium hydride, benzoylation of the formed hydroxy derivatives, hydrogenolysis of benzyl groups, conversion of the liberated hydroxy groups into dithiocarbonates and their reduction with tributylstannane afforded, after removal of the protecting groups, (2R,4R)-1,1-bis(hydroxymethyl)-4-methoxycyclopentan-2-ol ((2R,4R)-17) and (3R,4R)-1,1-bis(hydroxymethyl)-4-methoxycyclopentan-3-ol (51). Reduction of a mixture of esters 35 and 36 gave (2R,3R)-2-benzyloxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)hexane-1,3,6-triol (52) as the major product and (2R,3S,4R)-3-benzyloxy-1,1-bis(hydroxymethyl)cyclopentane-2,4-diol (53) as the minor product. The latter was converted into (3R,4R)-1,1-bis(hydroxymethyl)cyclopentane-3,4-diol (58). 3-Deoxycarba analogues 51 and 58 arose by migration of benzoyl group in the preparation of the dithiocarbonates.

Keywords: Carbasugars; Pseudosugars; Carbocyclic pentofuranoses; Substituted 1,1-bis(hydroxymethyl)cyclopentanes; Carbohydrates; Carbocyclic nucleosides; Cyclopentanes.