Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1996, 61, 1141-1157

Kinetics of the Reaction Between Solid Active Sodium Carbonate of the Second Generation and the Gaseous Sulfur Dioxide

Květoslava Stejskalová, Zdeněk Bastl and Karel Mocek

J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic,182 23 Prague 8, Czech Republic


The results are presented of a detailed experimental kinetic study of the heterogeneous reaction between gaseous sulfur dioxide and the solid active sodium carbonate of the second generation which has been prepared by a controlled thermal dehydration of higher hydrates of the sodium carbonate. The measurements have been carried out in an all-glass kinetic apparatus with an integral fixed-bed reactor. The reaction course was studied in dependence on genesis and nature of the active sodium carbonate, on temperature and on composition of the gas phase. The reaction rate is significantly affected by presence of the water vapour which acts as a gaseous catalyst. Experimental data have been treated by using the model proposed by Erdos (Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 32, 1653 (1967), and the values of the effective reaction rate constants have been computed. The kinetic study of active sodium carbonate of the second generation has been completed by the determination of microstructure (SEM) of solid samples before and after reaction, and by determining the solid surface composition before and after reaction by means of electronic spectra (ESCA).

Keywords: Active sodium carbonate; Sulfur dioxide; Reaction kinetics.