Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1996, 61, 1689-1696

Cytochrome P-450 from Tulip Bulbs (Tulipa fosteriana L.) Oxidizes an Azo Dye Sudan I (1-Phenylazo-2-hydroxynaphthalene, Solvent Yellow 14) in vitro

Marie Stiborová and Hana Hansíková

Department of Biochemistry, Charles University, 128 40 Prague 2, Czech Republic


The microsomal fraction from tulip bulbs (Tulipa fosteriana L.) contains cytochrome P-450 enzymes catalyzing the NADPH-dependent oxidation of the xenobiotic substrate, an azo dye Sudan I (1-phenylazo-2-hydroxynaphthalene, Solvent Yellow 14). C-Hydroxy derivatives [1-(4-hydroxyphenylazo)-2-hydroxynaphthalene, 1-phenylazo-2,6-dihydroxynaphthalene, 1-(4-hydroxyphenylazo)-2,6-dihydroxynaphthalene] and the benzenediazonium ion are the products of the Sudan I oxidation. The oxidation of Sudan I has also been assessed in a reconstituted electron-transport chain with the isolated cytochrome P-450, isolated plant NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase and phospholipid. The results are discussed from the point of view of the role of cytochromes P-450 in the metabolism of xenobiotics in plants.

Keywords: Tulipa fosteriana; Cytochrome P-450; Oxidation of xenobiotics; Sudan I azo dye.