Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1994, 59, 2029-2041

Kinetics and Mechanism of Decomposition of 1,3-Bis(4-methylphenyl)triazene Catalyzed with Substituted Benzoic Acids in 25% Aqueous Methanol-General or Specific Catalysis?

Oldřich Pytelaa and Taťjana Nevěčnáb

a Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Pardubice, 532 10 Pardubice, Czech Republic
b Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Palacký University, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic


The kinetics of decomposition of 1,3-bis(4-methylphenyl)triazene catalyzed with 13 substituted benzoic acids of various concentrations have been measured in 25 vol.% aqueous methanol at 25.0 °C. The rate constants observed (297 data) have be used as values of independent variable in a series of models of the catalyzed decomposition. For the catalytic particles were considered the undissociated acid, its conjugated base, and the proton in both the specific and general catalyses. Some models presumed formation of reactive or nonreactive complexes of the individual reactants. The substituent effect is described by the Hammett equation. The statistically best model in which the observed rate constant is a superposition of a term describing the dependence on proton concentration and a term describing the dependence on the product of concentrations of proton and conjugated base is valid with the presumption of complete proton transfer from the catalyst acid to substrate, which has been proved. The behaviour of 4-dimethylamino, 4-amino, and 3-amino derivatives is anomalous (lower catalytic activity as compared with benzoic acid). This supports the presumed participation of conjugated base in the title process.