Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1994, 59, 1951-1963

Multicomponent Spectrophotometric Analysis of Metal Ions Based on Simultaneous or Consecutive Application of Several Reagents

Jiří Perůtka, Josef Havel and Luděk Jančář

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Masaryk University, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic


This paper deals with nonconventional approaches to multicomponent spectrophotometric analysis consisting of (i) simultaneous or consecutive addition of several nonselective reagents in the multicomponent determination of metal ions, and (ii) the use of absorbance data which have been measured at different pH values or in different experimental conditions and subsequently combined into a single data set, evaluated by the partial least squares method. The following multicomponent mixtures of metal ions with reagents were examined: Co2+ and Fe3+ with nitroso-R-salt and 1,10-phenanthroline; Co2+, Cu2+ and Fe3+ with nitroso-R-salt and zincon; Co2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ with nitroso- R-salt and zincon; and Cu2+, Zn2+ and Ni2+ with zincon and PAR. The average relative error of determination was 2% (two metal ions) and 5% (three metal ions). Cu2+, Zn2+ and Ni2+ were also quantitated in ALPAKA alloy with relative errors of 4 - 9%.