Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1994, 59, 1665-1672

Kinetics of Substitution of 4-Methoxyphenylazo Groups of 2,6-Dioxo-5(3)-(4-methoxyphenylazo)-3(5)-(4-methoxyphenylhydrazono)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-4-carboxylic Acid by Reaction with 4-Nitrobenzenediazonium Cation

Jaroslava Horáčkováa and Vojeslav Štěrbab

a Department of Organic Technology, University of Pardubice, 532 10 Pardubice, Czech Republic
b Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Pardubice, 532 10 Pardubice, Czech Republic


Kinetics have been studied of gradual replacement of 4-methoxyphenylazo groups in 2,6-dioxo-5(3)-(4-methoxyphenylazo)-3(5)-(4-methoxyphenylhydrazono)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-4-carboxylic acid (IIIa) by 4-nitrophenylazo groups using the reaction with 4-nitrobenzenediazonium cation (IIc) in acetate and phosphate buffers. The rate constant of replacement of the second methoxyphenylazo group is lower by a factor of ca 60. From the experimentally found pKa values of the corresponding azohydrazone compounds with methoxy, chloro, or nitro substituent at 4-position (IIIa - IIIf) it has been concluded that the 5(3)-(4-methoxyphenylazo)-3(5)-(4-nitrophenylhydrazono) derivative is formed in the first step.