Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1994, 59, 2390-2396

Dependence of Gas Chromatographic Retention Data of Hydrocarbons on the Film Thickness of the Polydimethylsiloxane Stationary Phase

Ján Krupčíka, Ivan Skačánia, Eva Benickáa and Pat Sandrab

a Department of Analytical Chemistry, Slovak Technical University, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
b Department of Organic Chemistry, Gent University, Krijgslaan 281 (S4), B-9000 Gent, Belgium


Kovats indices of cyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons, separated by capillary gas liquid chromatography on polydimethylsiloxane capillary columns, were found to increase with increasing stationary phase film thickness. This effect is explained in terms of adsorption of the stationary phase on the active sites of the inner surface of the capillary column. Since the number of active sites is limited, the overall polarity of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase is better defined in columns with thick stationary phase films. Interlaboratory reproducibility of retention indices of cyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons is therefore also better when using capillary columns with thick films of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase. Retention data obtained on such thick-film columns are influenced by adsorption of the stationary phase on the column walls to a lesser extent than in columns with thinner films.