Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1993, 58, 1874-1884

Kinetics of Catalytic Dehydration of 1-Pentanol

Iveta Vašutová, Milan Králik and Milan Hronec

Department of Organic Technology, Slovak Technical University, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovak Republic


Kinetic data of 1-pentanol dehydration on γ-alumina catalyst modified by potassium hydroxide were obtained using a continuous reactor with an internal recirculation. The conversion of 1-pentanol on this catalyst in the temperature range 300 - 390 °C and space velocity 1 - 8 kg (h kg)-1 (molar fraction of water in the feed was in the range 0 - 0.56) was 50 - 98% and the selectivity with respect to 1-pentene was 50 - 84%. The following six reactions have been taken into account to describe the catalytic dehydration of 1-pantanol: direct formation of 1-pentene from 1-pentanol, formation of bis(1-pentyl) ether from 1-pentanol, disproportionation of the ether to 1-pentanol and 1-pentene, formation of 1-pentene from the ether, isomerization of 1-pentene to 2-pentene and hydrolysis of the ether to 1-pentanol. Treatment of experimental data by Langmuir-Hinshelwood models showed that the model involving adsorption of 1-pentanol accompanied by dissociation is the most suitable one.