Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1993, 58, 1645-1667

Synthesis of N-(3-Fluoro-2-phosphonomethoxypropyl) (FPMP) Derivatives of Heterocyclic Bases

Jindřich Jindřich, Antonín Holý and Hana Dvořáková

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic


A new group of compounds has been prepared: N-(3-fluoro-2-phosphonomethoxypropyl) (FPMP) derivatives of purine and pyrimidine bases which exhibit a significant selective activity against a broad spectrum of retroviruses. Racemic N-(3-fluoro-2-phosphonomethoxypropyl) derivatives of adenin (V), guanine (IX), cytosine (XIII), 2,6-diaminopurine (XXI), 3-deazaadenin e(XVII), xanthine (X) and hypoxanthin (VI) were prepared from the corresponding N-(3-fluoro-2-hydroxypropyl) derivatives after protection of amino group at the heterocyclic ring by selective benzoylation, reaction with diisopropyl p-toluenesulfonyloxymethylphosphonate (II), and subsequent removal of the protecting groups. Chiral FPMP derivatives were prepared by reaction of heterocyclic base with the corresponding chiral synthon (XXX, XXXVII) followed by deprotection. The required chiral synthons were obtained from enantiomeric 3-fluoro-1,2-propanediols by two methods. In the first, the primary hydroxyl group was tritylated, the obtained derivative was reacted with compound II, the trityl group was removed and the product was mesylated to give synthon XXXVII. The second pathway consisted in selective tosylation of the primary hydroxyl group and conversion of the secondary hydroxyl into the acetoxymethyl ether via the methoxymethyl ether; treatment of the acetoxy compound with bromotrimethylsilane and triisopropyl phosphite afforded the desired synthon XXX.