Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1993, 58, 1122-1132

Study of Cyclization of 1-Benzoyl-3-methyl-3-(2-methoxycarbonylphenyl)thiourea to 1-Methyl-2-thioxo-4-quinazolone

Jaromír Kaválek, Vladimír Macháček, Miloš Sedlák and Vojeslav Štěrba

Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Chemical Technology, 532 10 Pardubice, Czech Republic


The reaction mechanism of the title reaction was proposed on the bases of the kinetic study. The reaction takes place in two stages considerably differing in rates. In the first, faster stage, the anion of initial substance cyclizes to 1-methyl-3-benzoyl-2-thioxo-4-quinazolone. The reaction is reversible, the concentration of 1-methyl-3-benzoyl-2-thioxo-4-quinazolone decreases with increasing concentration of methanolate. In the second stage, the benzoyl group rearrangement in the given substance from nitrogen to sulfur and subsequent methanolysis to 1-methyl-2-thioxo-4-quinazolone take place. The rate-determining step is the methanolysis for [CH3O(-)] < 4 . 10-3 mol l-1 and the benzoyl group rearrangement for higher methanolate concentrations.