Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1993, 58, 1093-1102

Equilibrium and Kinetics of the Extraction of Gallium(III) from Sodium Hydroxide Solutions with 7-Dodecenyl-8-quinolinol (Kelex 100)

Aleksandra A. Mitrovic, Slobodan K. Milonjic, Zoja E. Ilic and Radomir V. Stevanovic

Institute of Nuclear Sciences "Vinca", P. O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade, Yugoslavia


The influence of hydroxide ions concentration of the aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, at constant sodium concentrations, on the gallium extraction with Kelex 100 was examined in the hydroxide concentration range from 0.02 to 0.5 mol dm-3. The percentage of extracted gallium increases from 51% to 98% within the investigated hydroxide concentration range. The influence of sodium concentrations (from 1 to 6 mol dm-3) on the gallium extraction was also studied at constant pH values. The decrease of extracted gallium is slight for the sodium concentration up to 3 mol dm-3, while for the higher ones it is pronounced. The extraction kinetics was studied using a mixer-type apparatus. The rate expression of the extraction reaction of gallium with Kellex 100, for both lower and higher hydroxide concentrations are ascertained.