Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1993, 58, 547-554

Effect of Sulfide Ions on the Corrosion Behaviour of Mild Steel in Acetate Buffer

Hyman H. Rehan, Said A. Salih, Hassan El-Daley and Ahmed G. Gad-Allah

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Cairo University Giza, Egypt


The corrosion behaviour of mild steel was investigated in acidic acetate buffer solution using impendance and potential measurements. It was found that there are two dissolution rates resulting from the duplex nature of the formed oxides. The dissolution rates were found to depend on the dissolving acetate buffer solution pH and the dissolution temperature. In all cases, the film thickness was found to decrease with time of corrosion according to the relation Cm-1 = (Cm0)-1 - kdt1/2. It was found that addition of sulfide ions increases the dissolution rate and increases the rate of hydrogen evolution reaction but does not affect the mechanism of cathodic process. The role of sulfide ions on the corrosion behaviour of steel in acetate buffer solutions is revealed by the complex plane impendance analysis.