Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1993, 58, 483-495

The Extraction Transfer of H+-18-Crown-6 Species across the Water-Nitrobenzene Phase Boundary in the Extraction of Aqueous Solutions of Perchloric Acid by Nitrobenzene in the Presence of 18-Crown-6

Petr Vaňura and Iveta Juklíková

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Prague Institute of Chemical Technology, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic


A study was made of the extraction of perchloric acid in water-nitrobenzene-18-crown-6 (hereafter L) systems. The experimental data was interpreted on the basis of the assumption that the extraction occurs according the equations H+aq + ClO4,aq- ↔ H+org + ClO4,org- and H+aq + Laq + ClO4,aq- ↔ HL+org + ClO4,org-. Crown is also protonated in the aqueous phase according to the equation H+aq + Laq ↔ HL+aq. The values of the corresponding extraction constants, the protonation constants of 18-crown-6 in nitrobenzene and water and the individual extraction constants of the HL+ species in the water-nitrobenzene system were determined, along with the magnitude of the molar free enthalpy for the transfer of these species across the given phase boundary.