Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1993, 58, 343-353

Dehydrochlorination of Poly(vinyl chloride) in Isotactic Systems

Jaroslav Burda and Rudolf Lukáš

Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 162 06 Prague 6, Czech Republic


The dehydrochlorination of isotactic, low-molecular-weight models of PVC, dimers to pentamers, was studied using the semiempirical MNDO method. The results obtained lead to the conclusion that the thermal dehydrochlorination of PVC can occur through either a radical or an ionic mechanism, depending on the reaction conditions. The arising conjugated polyene structures do not grow by the generally accepted "zip" mechanism, but rather through the "alternating growth" mechanism. A comparison was also made to the reactivity of isotactic and syndiotactic sequences from the point of view of kinetic and thermodynamic factors. It follows from the computations that the splitting off of the first HCl molecule is easier in the isotactic sequence, but that subsequent growth of the polyene chain occurs more readily in syndiotactic systems.