Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1993, 58, 2673-2681

New Type of Plasticized Poly(vinyl chloride)

Miloslav Kolínský, Stanislav Ševčík and Rudolf Lukáš

Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 162 06 Prague 6, Czech Republic


Low-molecular-weight plasticizers are commonly used in the production of plasticized PVC. However, they readily migrate to the surface of the product, which results in the deterioration of physical properties and contamination of environment. This drawback is eliminated by polymerizing vinyl chloride in water suspension in the presence of a polyester plasticizer and structure stabilizer such as triallyl isocyanurate or the ethylene/vinyl acetate copolymer. The data obtained from water and heptane extractions demonstrate a low extractability of the plasticizer used. Attention is focused on the explanation of the role of structure stabilizers in the polymerization process, and some properties of this new type of plasticized PVC and its possible application areas are discussed.